Product Support for: Detection & Signaling -> LocoNet Occupancy Detector, 16 Detection Sections (BDL168)

View the Product Page for the BDL168

The BDL168 is a cost effective LocoNet Occupancy Detector for 16 detection sections. Lets you know when detection sections of your layout are occupied. When used in conjunction with one or two RX4 transponder detectors it operates up to 8 transponding zones and operations mode read back. Know what is where on your layout!

41 Articles Found for BDL168

KB56 BDL168 - 44-Pin Connector Pinout Configuration

BDL168 Pin Out Configuration: Notes: 1) All connector pins are paired top (component side of the BDL168) and bottom (solder side of the BDL168) except 11/M and 12/N. For 6 Amp current rating with 3 Amp connector pins, track/zone wires must be connected to both pin pairs: e.g. Zone A = pins 1 & A (See Figure below): 2) Letters G, I, O & Q are not used as pin designations on the connector. 3) Power connections should be made to a power supply dedicated to BDL168 use only. Multiple BDL168 units can be supplied by a single shared supply ...

KB588 BDL168 - LT5 Tester

There was an error In the BDL168 Instruction Sheet, Figure 6 on Page 19.  The LT5 diagram was incorrect.  This article shows the correct LT5 Detection Sections.  The current on-line version of the BDL168 Instruction Sheet has been corrected. Each BDL168 comes with an LT5 that will help you with layout wiring and troubleshooting for transponding & detection. The LT5 plugs onto the LED header connections of BDL168 and the LEDs on the LT5 light when detection sections are occupied. The status of power to each zone is also shown. In service, the LT5 is plugged in to one of ...

KB48 BDL168 - Option Switch Table

The option switches and settings you can use to customize your BDL168 are indicated in the table below. These option switches on your BDL168 are set up using a Digitrax throttle's SWITCH commands. (This can only be done with a Digitrax LocoNet throttle or equivalent software). SWITCH mode is normally used for operating turnouts by issuing closed ("c") or thrown ("t") commands. In the case of your BDL168, each switch address is a BDL168 option switch. The following table shows what each OpSw is used for when it is set for thrown or closed. Factory settings are indicated by shaded ...

KB50 BDL168 - Using with Power Managers

The BDL168 is designed to be used with power management devices such as PM42. The BDL168 is designed to operate “downstream” of the Digitrax boosters and power management devices. The BDL168 is the "last" device in the chain from booster to power manager to BDL168. It is connected directly to the track detection section. There should be no other connections to any detection section that will draw track power or the detection section will always show occupied. If a device is used to switch off power feeding the BDL168 and the track it is connected to, for example, a PM42 ...

KB67 BDL168 - Setting Up Board ID

When the BDL168 is connected to LocoNet, it will communicate coded detection information to the system. If you wish to report BDL168 status to LocoNet and attached devices or computers that can interpret these messages, you will probably want to set up a unique board address for each BDL168. This is done so that the BDL168 Board ID does not conflict with the Board ID of other devices on the railroad. Board addresses can range from 01 to 999. It is recommended that you make a record of the addresses you use for all devices connected to your layout. Setting ...

KB230 BDL168 - Power Districts and Transponding

Is it possible to add a pair of PM42 Power Management Modules between the command station Rail A/Rail B outputs and run the resulting output from the PM42's on as many as 8 sets of Rail A/Rail B Wires to 8 isolated power Zones? These isolated power zones could have their Common Zone (Rail A) Wires running through RX1 transponding receivers connected to an RX4 ribbon cable running to the BDL168 for the purpose of interfacing with the SurroundTraxx Multi-Train Sound System. If this is possible, it would only require 5-6 of the DS lines on the BDL168 to be ...

KB54 BDL168 - Troubleshooting Checklist

Here are several things to check if you are having trouble with the BDL168: Packet Reception Be sure the green ID LED is ON & is “winking” off about every 2 seconds. This means that correctly formatted DCC packets are being decoded from the left most (Railsync) pin of the RJ12 LocoNet socket. For DCC detection, the same DCC packet signal that drives the booster must be connected to the RJ12 socket's left most pin. If you are using LocoNet and you do not see the green LED blinking pattern described, check to be sure that the system is powered ...

KB47 BDL168 - How to Change the Option Switches

How to read back and change BDL168 Option Switches (OpSw): 1. Power up your BDL168 and connect it to LocoNet. 2. Connect a DT series or UT1, UT2 Digitrax throttle to one of the the BDL168's LocoNet connectors. NOTE: The UT4 will not work as its design is different for the original UT series throttles.3. Press the switch behind the red option LED for about 1 second, then release it. The red option and green ID LEDs will flash alternately to let you know that you are in option switch setup mode. 4. Go into SWITCH mode on your throttle. ...

KB51 BDL168 - Using In a Reversing Loop

The BDL168 can be used as an autoreversing unit for return loops. One of the BDL168 Detection Sections is connected to the non-reversing area, with the balance of the detection connections being made within the reversing area. Here is a wiring example: Note that an auto-reverse section can only use detection sections that are contained in a BDL168 zone that is correctly set up for auto-reversing.

KB52 BDL168 - Is a Heatsink Necessary?

The BDL168 does not require a heatsink to operate efficiently, however, large scale operations may generate higher heat levels with the BDL168 and you can make your own to add to the unit. The BDL168 design does not include a provision for a heatsink. There is not a kit available for adding on a heatsink, but you can make your own if you believe it necessary for your system. The following drawing will provide the correct measurements to produce a heatsink that will slip in between the two rows of rectifiers on the BDL168 Circuit Board. This will raise the ...

KB60 BDL168 - Connecting two RX4's

The BDL168 manual states that 2 RX4's can be connected but it only shows how to connect one of them on Aux 2. How is the second RX4 connected? The RX4 is a 4 Zone Transponding Receiver Add-on for BDL16 series occupancy detectors. Each RX4 is made up of 4 RX1 sensors, a ribbon cable and a connector that lets you plug the unit into a BDL16-series detector. The earlier BDL16 and BDL162 occupancy detectors had the capacity for hosting one RX4. BDL16 & BDL162 boards are labeled with AUX1 & AUX2. Only the AUX2 connection should be used for ...

KB58 BDL168 - Connecting to a "Direct Home" Wired Layout

Direct Home Layout Wiring Digitrax strongly recommends direct home wiring where each power district and its booster are electrically isolated. This method of wiring has safety advantages and makes troubleshooting problems easier. In addition, direct home wiring makes detection work more prototypically. With direct home wiring, the BDL168 can determine and indicate whether any of its 4 zones is powered or not (possibly short-circuited) even when there is nothing on the rails in the detection sections. The BDL168 factory-set logic causes the detection sections to show "occupied" if the associated zone's power is off (because in this case, detection is ...

KB57 BDL168 - Connecting to a "Common Rail" Wired Layout

Common Rail Wiring Many older model railroads use Common Rail wiring because they were initially wired to operate with electrical toggle switches. Conversion to DCC is possible with Common Rail, but it is not recommended. Whole layout common rail is a method of wiring layouts where power districts and their boosters are electrically connected using a common rail or common power bus return wire. Whole layout common rail wiring is a disadvantage when it comes to detection systems since detectors cannot independently monitor whether zone power is on or off so they can't tell whether occupancy detection is working in ...

KB59 BDL168 - Terminology

Here are some terms that you might find useful as you work with the BDL168. Direct home wiring is a layout wiring method where each power district and its booster is electrically isolated. The track within each power district uses a "common return" wiring method for occupancy detection and/or power management. Direct home wiring is the wiring method recommended by Digitrax for safety reasons & also because it makes detection work more prototypically. Power district is the power wiring, track, components and equipment attached to that wiring, driven by a single properly isolated booster. The track for a power district ...

KB55 RR&Co Settings for BDL168 Operation

Railroad & Co. is a suite of computer programs for both digitally and conventionally controlled model railroads. The BDL168 needs to have several Option Switches changed for proper operation with Railroad & Co.'s Train Controller program. Our recommendations are based upon experience with earlier versions of the program: Suggested BDL168 Settings for Railroad & Co. (from European users): OpSw9 = Closed (No message sent if un-powered) OpSw36 = Closed (Ignore GPON) OpSw37 = Closed (Long delays for sensors) OpSw38 = Closed (Extra long delay for sensors) OpSw39 = Closed (Verbose mode enabled) OpSw43 = Closed (Filter for transponding disabled) OpSw45 ...

KB414 BDL168 - Physical size of the board?

What is the physical size of the BDL168? The board itself approximately measures 3 3/4" wide by 3 5/8" long by 1 1/4" high. For those who use metric, it is 94mm by 92mm by 30mm. In addition to the board itself, the edge connector measures 4 1/32" (112mm) by 3/8" (10mm); it has edge connector pins which make the connector 5/8" wide (18mm). The edge connector pins will need additional clearance for the connected wires. Users have found that the heavier bus wires used in most applications are difficult to connect to the edge pin connector; in ths situation, ...

KB61 BDL168 - Using two boosters

Is it possible to connect my BDL168 across two power districts (Boosters). I envisage using zone 1 & 2, with detection sections 1-8 one one booster (DCS100), with zones 3 & 4, with detection sections 9-16 on another booster (DB150). Will this work? Please refer to the chart below: Note that Pins 1 & A, 6 & F, 13 & P, and 18 & V are identified as "Connection to Booster for Zone *. Each Zone can support up to four detection sections. So, for your application, the DCS100 would be connected to Pins 1 & A and 6 & ...

KB25 PM42, BDL168, and SE8C breakout boards

44 pin connectors with screw terminals were originally designed by a company called LWH3.  Their products allow you to install the PM42, BDL168, and SE8C without having to solder to the 44 pin connector.  The product line was sold to Accu-Lites.  These products are available online directly from Accu-Lites at www.acculites.com              

KB53 BDL168 - Outdoor Layouts

Reducing Sensitivity for Outdoor Layouts Outdoor layouts may require reducing sensitivity to allow for more accurate occupancy reporting through the BDL168. Resistors are connected between the detection zone and the zone common from the blue connector to reduce sensitivity. A 1KOhm resistor will reduce the sensitivity by 1/2. A 100 Ohm resistor will reduce sensitivity by a factor of 10.

KB1033 Verifying BDL168 Board ID is set correctly

Q.  How can one verify that a BDL168 board ID has been set?     A.  If you have a DT40x Series throttle:  Press PWR, then DISP, and the  2 center "Mode" letters will show "In" for 'Input following report display'.Now any  <B2> or DS occupancy report/input messages will show in the middle 5x7 display line as:  Input number with H or L for state (high/low).Pressing any key or moving encoder will cancel this debug usage,  and mode goes back to "Fn".  

KB614 BDL168, PM42 & SE8C Recommended Wiring Procedure For 44 Pin Connector

  Do you have a recommend wiring procedure for the 44-pin edge connector on the PM42 and SE8C?PM42, PM4, BDL168, BDL16, BDL162 & SE8C use a 44-pin edge connector. Connecting wires securely to this connector requires soldering skills. For connections to the 44 pin connector, Digitrax recommends using 16 gauge stranded wire. For all other soldering connections, Digitrax recommends 14 gauge (AWI) stranded wire for electrical connections on your railroad. 1. Use individual short lengths of 16 gauge wire to connect to the 44 pin connector. 2. Strip and tin both ends of the wire. 3. Bend one end into ...

KB1020 RD2 wire length

The RD2 allows Remote Sensing of 2 Detection sections.  It eliminates the need for long runs of Heavy gauge wire to the BDL168. 1. Mount the RD2 as close to the detection section as possible to keep heavy wire to a minimum. 2. Make sure both detections sections of the RD2 are connected to the same zone of the BDL168. 3. Light gauge (26AWG) wire can be used for the 3 output connections running from the RD2 back to the BDL168. The RD2 can be located up to 200' away from the BDL168. 4. Heavy gauge (18AWG) wire should be ...

KB476 Operations Mode Read Back - Minimum Transponding Hardware Configuration

Operations mode (OPs mode) programming allows you to program decoders on the layout instead of having to move them to a separate programming track.  This is a write only programming method.  If you want to be able to read back the values written to a particular decoder using Ops Mode programming, you will need to install transponding on the layout.  If transponding is not active on the layout, you must use an isolated programming track for reading back CV values.The extent of the area with OPs Mode readback available depends on how muchof the layout is instrumented for transponding. The ...

KB1017 LocoNet Accessory Power Requirements

  This document outlines the power requirements for Digitrax LocoNet accessories.  To simplify wiring, Digitrax recommends providing individual power supplies for like accessories.  For example a power supply or power buss which only powers the PM42s.  A power supply or power buss used solely to power multiple DS64s.  UR9x and UP5 panels can be daisy chained provided adequate current is provided to properly power all the panels.  Through the use of individual power supplies, the chance of Ground Loops or sneak paths back to ground is minimized.  Using individual power supplies will also make troubleshooting much easier.  Many Digitrax LocoNet ...

KB688 What will it take to install Digitrax Transponding on my layout?

1.  Install BDL16 series occupancy detector(s).  BDL16, BDL162 and BDL168 occupancy detectors can be used together on the same layout.2.  Add RX4 transponder receivers to the zones you want to set up for transponding. (You won't need to cover every detection section on the railroad for effective coverage and reporting. Some areas will be detection only sections while others will have full transponding as needed.)  Use either two RX4s with your BDL168 to set up 8 transponding zones or use one RX4 if you only need 4 transponding zones.3.  All current production Digitrax decoders are transponder equipped. If you have decoders ...

KB173 PR3 - Operating as a LocoNet Terminator

Just wondering if i can get clarification regarding using the PR3 as a standalone Loconet Terminator. The "LocoNet termination" mode of the PR3 allows the unit to connect to other modules without needing a command station, when there is no requirement for DCC track packets. In this mode you can interface to a PC and add units like DS64's with control of turnouts and detection (BDL168) and signals (SE8) without needing to run DCC track control or decoders. Running off e.g. JMRI or RR+Co is a good and intended usage.

KB620 Signaling & Detection - Overview

The subject of railroad signaling is a fascinating one.  Signals provide a margin of safety and protect the train crews, freight and passengers on the railroad .  Grade crossing signals also protect the general public from collision with moving trains.  Signal operation relies upon three basic elements: Detection of trains   Operation of the signals   Operation Logic Signaling is a complicated topic, far beyond the scope of this knowledge base.  But Digitrax offers several items which will help you with creating a realistic signal environment. Detection determines the presence or absence of trains.  Both the BDL168 and BD4 will ...

KB482 LT5 and BD4 Block Monitor Modules

Q:  What are the differences and similarities between the LT5 module that is included as part of the BDL168 package and the Block Monitor module that is included as part of the BD4 package? A:  These two devices are for all practical purposes interchangeable. Similarities – They use the same electronic schematic. Differences – They use different leds and different display configurations. The LT5 that comes with BDL168 has 5 red LEDs, four on the top row, and one on the bottom row. The Block Monitor that comes with BD4 has of 5 green LEDs in a single row.  Either module can ...

KB133 How do I mount the 44 pin edge connector boards?

My question is: How do I mount the PM42? Do I need a special housing in order to mount it under table? It appears to me that mounting it flush against a surface would prevent, or make it extremely difficult, to attach the 44-pin connector. Digitrax manufactures three devices which have a 44-pin connector. These are the BDL168 (and its predecessor the BDL16), the SE8C and the PM42 (and its predecessor, the PM4). These best approach to mounting these devices is to screw the connector directly to the wiring panel board. Drill mounting holes in the end of the 44-pin ...

KB352 Powering your Digitrax Command Control Railroad

Digital Command Control (DCC) has specific electrical requirements that must be provided for your layout control system to operate properly.Input PowerAll DCC systems require an external power supply.  Digitrax manufactures several power supplies for our command stations and boosters: The 3 Amp PS415 (the Zephyr Xtra power supply) The 5 Amp PS515 for all Digitrax 5 amp command stations and boosters The powerful 20 Amp PS2012 can be used for multiple 5 and 8 amp command stations and boosters  Additionally, the PS14 is available to power various other devices for your railroad.  Digitrax strongly encourages you to use our power supplies to insure satisfactory ...

KB475 DT400 Series Throttle - Operations Mode Read-Write

  Q:  How can I write and read the Configuration Variables of Mobile Decoder on the mainline using the DT40x Throttle? A:  Operations Mode Programming, also known as Ops Mode, lets you program a locomotive decoder's CVs while it is on the main line. With the addition of transponding in Ops Mode, you can write and read back CVs in DCC locomotives equipped with most modern decoders while they are on the mainline. Some older decoders before Extended Packet Format was used are not able to do this.For example: A typical use for Ops mode programming would be to adjust an engines ...

KB1018 DCS100/200 as a Booster

Many clubs use a DCS100/200 as a Booster in their setups.  Digitrax does not recommend using a DCS100/200 as a Booster only for this type of setup.  If you decide to do so, please keep this information in mind:   The DCS100/200 configuration is stored in memory that uses a CR2032 battery.  Over time the battery can get weak and the DCS100/200 will loose its ability to store its configuration.  When this happens, the DCS100/200 will sound 7 beeps at power up.  It will also revert back to its factory settings and once again become a Command Station.  Since LocoNet ...

KB72 Cajon Pass, Salt Lake & Santa Fe RR

I am putting the finishing touches on my 10 x 20 foot H0 railroad. It is a copy of the Cajon Pass, Salt Lake & Santa Fe RR by John Armstrong (#86 in the 101 Track Plans by Linn Westcott) [Kalmbach Publishing, ISBN 0-89024-512-6; still in print]. I have decided to go with DCC and my local hobby store recommended Digitrax. The layout is in my basement, I will be the only operator, the plan has 54 track switches (34 NJ International twin coils and 20 Tortoise turnout motors). Can you give me an idea as to what equipment I ...

KB171 PR3 - Stand Alone LocoNet Interface Applications

Under what conditions can the PR3 be used as a Stand Alone LocoNet Terminator? The PR3 is so designed so that it can be configured to act as a stand alone LocoNet controller in the event that a Digitrax command station is unavailable for the control of a series of LocoNet compatible devices. There are two major situations that would require the PR3 to act as a stand alone LocoNet controller. The first situation is where one of the many advanced features offered by the LocoNet and the various LocoNet compatible devices is desired to be used on a layout ...

KB203 Case Study: Texas & Southwestern Part 11 of 11 - Future Expansion

As originally conceived, the Texas & Southwestern was set up with a very simple DCC system. The railroad uses a DCS50 Zephyr as its command station and booster. The Zephyr is connected to a central power bus, and all tracks, stationary turnout decoders and the automated reverse loop unit are connected to it. Likewise, the LocoNet connections are a series of simple cable connections starting at the Zephyr and ending at the last Universal Panel. The T&SW works well with this arrangement, but there are additional devices that will enhance the operation of this railroad. Digitrax PM42 Power Management System ...

KB206 Case Study: Texas & Southwestern Paft 5 of 11 - Powering the Railroad

Good DCC practice means good planning for the electrical needs of the railroad. Here, we talk about the power needs of the Texas & Southwestern. Anticipating Power Consumption The core of the Texas & Southwestern's DCC control system will be the DCS50 Zephyr, which is very appropriate for a small railroad. Zephyr has 10 "slots", memory locations in the command station each holding an active decoder address. Rated at 2.5 Amps, the Zephyr should also be enough to handle the power needs of the railroad, but if more power is needed, then T&SW can easily be expanded with an additional booster ...

KB7 Automatic Reversing Sections

DCC Automatic Reversing SectionsVirtually all automatic reversing will fall into 3 categories with the wiring principles for all being the same:1. Reverse Loops2. Wyes3. TurntablesDCC has the ability to automatically reverse sections of track we call Reversing Sections while our trains are running and not affect the direction or speed of the trains. This is because we put a constant square wave AC current on the track and control the trains (locos) by sending messages to them (actually to receivers we call decoders) to tell them what to do such as start, stop, change directions, etc. . We are thus ...

KB472 Layout Blocks - A Small Example

Train detection and the related signaling can be a complicated affair. However, it becomes easier if you analyze things and break them down into their component blocks. The whole idea is to protect trains from each other, regulating their movements by the use of signals which tell train crews what to do or what to expect. Train detection identifies which segments of track are occupied by a train. For the real railroads, track detection sections can be very short (such as at track junctions) or very long (such as in rural environments). Train speed and frequency of trains are also ...

KB865 DB200+ - 8amp Booster Instructions

The DB200+ is the 8 amp booster. It has NO command station capability. This booster was designed for adding power to layouts that run lots of locos and for large-scale layouts where power requirements are heavy.DB200+ Control PanelNOTE: DB200+ front panel graphics may vary from those shown here.  Internally the booster is the same. These instructions are written for both versions of graphics as well as the DB200+ OPTO optoisolated version of the booster. About the Green Jumper WireEvery DB200+ is shipped with a green jumper wire on the front panel Booster Terminal Plug connecting Synch & Ground or ‘Config ...

KB987 General Command System Troubleshooting and Tools

This article stops in a strange place??  We need to find the rest of it and split it up into meaningful chunks.  Also needs meta stuff Troubleshooting in General:Regardless of the guides, manuals, tips, suggestions, experts or whatever, troubleshooting can occasionally degenerate into a vast chasm of darkness and confusion.  It would be impossible to cover all the areas that have, can or may cause problems. This is a general guide to identifying and resolving problems with Digitrax Complete Train Control.  Keep Good Records:Although it may seem to be a pain while setting up your Digitrax system, keeping layout records ...

KB1048 Digitrax Command Control - The Future Is Now (2016 version)

Digitrax Complete Train Control By Zana & A.J. Ireland Digitrax Complete Train Control makes reliable, realistic train operation and simplified layout wiring a reality. Digital Command Control is incorporated within the Digitrax system to let you control multiple trains independently on the same section of track without blocking. In the real world, engineers control the speed and direction of real trains. Engines operate under their own power independent of the track. Each engine has its own motion characteristics like how fast it speeds up (acceleration) and how long it takes to slow down (deceleration). A locomotive's performance is influenced by ...