Norfolk and Western 1218

Norfolk and Western 1218

Norfolk & Western 1218 is a steam locomotive that at one time was the strongest-pulling operational steam locomotive in the world. It is a four-cylinder simple articulated locomotive with a 2-6-6-4 (Whyte system) wheel arrangement. The Norfolk & Western Railway built it in 1943 at its Roanoke Shops in Roanoke, Virginia, and was part of the Norfolk & Western's class A fleet of fast freight locomotives. It was retired from regular revenue service in 1959, but Norfolk & Western successor Norfolk Southern Railway operated it in excursion service from 1987 to 1991. Today it is on display at the Virginia Museum of Transportation in Roanoke.

Norfolk & Western 1218
Power type: Steam
Builder: N&W's Roanoke Shops
Serial number: 340
Build date: 1943
Configuration: 2-6-6-4
UIC classification: (1'C)C2' h4
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1/2 in (1,435 mm)
Leading wheel diameter: 33 in (838 mm)
Driver diameter: 70 in (1,778 mm)
Trailing wheel diameter:42 in (1,067 mm)
Axle load: 72,000 lb (32.7 tonnes)
Weight on drivers: 433,350 lb (196.6 tonnes)
Locomotive weight: 573,000 lb (259.9 tonnes)
Locomotive & tender combined weight: 951,600 lb (431.6 tonnes)
Fuel type: Coal
Fuel capacity: 60,000 lb (27.2 tonnes)
Water capacity: 22,000 US gal (83,000 l; 18,000 imp gal)
Boiler pressure: 300 lbf/in² (2.07 MPa)
Firegrate area: 122 sq ft (11.3 m2)
Heating surface: Tubes and flues 6,052 sq ft (562.2 m2)
Heating surface: Firebox 587 sq ft (54.5 m2)
Superheater area: 2,703 sq ft (251.1 m2)
Cylinders: Four, simple articulated
Cylinder size: 24 in × 30 in (610 mm × 762 mm)
Valve gear: Baker
Valve type: Piston valves
Tractive effort: 114,000 lbf (507.10 kN)
Factor of adhesion: 3.44
Career: Norfolk & Western Railway
Class A
Number in class : 19 of 43
Locale: United States, South and Midwest

Retired: 1959 (revenue) 1992 (excursion)
Restored: 1987
Current owner Virginia Museum of Transportation
Disposition: On display

Sound Projects

There is 1 Sound Project for this Locomotive
N&W1218 8 bit project by John McMasters, added on May 8, 2013

NOTE: Make sure that the model CV155=1 project is running "Articulated" sounds with both front and rear cylinders.



Low speed: A standing Locomotive collects condensed water in its cylinder as trapped steam cools. Since it isn't

Compressible, this water can blow out a cylinder head when the engine starts.

To avoid this ,the engineer first opens valves called cylinder cocks under each end of the

cylinders(sometimes in the middle too ). Then when the engine starts,the exhaust steam comes

Whoooshing out of the cylinder cocks with the condensate instead of chugging up the stack.

Engines doing this spray steam from under their cylinder.

The starting steam cock open is controlled by CV147 (about =14) since steam loco has no drier.


All sounds taken from existing sound projects.


Please see project description for full description and list of features.

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Format Information

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