KB490: LocoNet Architecture - Network Topologies

This article was last updated on Sept. 4, 2011, 10:28 a.m. | Print Article | Leave Feedback

LocoNet is a peer-to-peer local area network, a communication network that is similar to communication networks used in today’s computer industry.

There are five types of computer network topologies: star, bus, tree, freeform and ring. 

The only prohibited configuration for LocoNet is the ring.  LocoNet should never be looped back on itself.

Note: In the diagrams below, CS represents a Digitrax Command Station and the M represents any LocoNet compatible module or device.

1.  The Star Topology is where all devices are connected to a central hub by individual legs.


2.  The Bus (Daisy Chain) Topology is where all devices are connected to a central cable.


3.  The Tree Topology combines the characteristics of both the star and bus topologies.


4. The Freeform Toplogy is incorporated into LocoNet.  Devices can be hooked up to the network any combination of star, bus or tree topologies as long as you maintain a pin-to-pin continuity throughout the entire LocoNet network (pin 1 to pin 1, pin 2 to pin 2, etc).

The following diagram displays LocoNet network using the Freeform format.


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